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left arrow: &laar; - ←

right arrow: &raar; - →


background color

<body bgcolor="Silver">
   <p>We set the background...</p>

background picture, add - need to add a style or two:

    height: 100%;
    background-image: url("whatever.jpg");
    background-repeat: no-repeat;
    background-position: 50% 50%

Note, you need that “html” style if you want the image centered properly using background-position: 50% 50%

Then, later on somewhere down in the body, add: <p class=BODY >&nbsp;</p>

Finally, probably want to add a default background color to your main “body” statement for those who suppress pictures:

<body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple bgcolor="#336666">

Bare Bones Guide to HTML

bookmark - also known as "anchors"

refer to one: <a href="#BookmarkName" target="_self">

set: target=_parent name="bookmark name"


cent sign (¢) – &#0162; or &cent;

center –

<center> This text will be centered. </center>

<P {text-align: center}> or <P style ="text-align: center">

cheat sheets – 30 Handy Cheat Sheets and Reference Guides for Web Professionals

check box, checked - &#9745;

check box, unchecked - &#9744;





ellipses - &hellip; - …

escape quotes (perl) – CGI::escapeHTML()



online converter to ico from jpg or other formats

generator (online) - http://antifavicon.com/

generator (not online)

how to put reference to

<!DOCTYPE html
PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN"
<html lang="en-US">
<><head profile="http://www.w3.org/2005/10/profile">
<link rel="shortcut icon"

More info

frame, break out of - add target="_top" to the href





id vs. name

input type=“text”, change format - use inline CSS styles to do this.

<input type = "text" value = "test" style="color:#fcc; font-weight: bold; background-color: #ffc;" >




link checker


Load time, check – pingdom



name vs. id– see id vs. name

nested tables

<table border = 1>
<table border = >
<TD>1st table, 1st row, 1st col</TD>
<TD>1st table, 1st row, 2nd col</TD>
<TD>1st table, 2nd row, 1st col</TD>
<TD>1st table, 2nd row, 2nd col</TD>
<table border = 1>
<TD>2nd table, 1st row, 1st col</TD>
<TD>2nd table, 1st row, 2nd col</TD>
<TD>2nd table, 2nd row, 1st col</TD>
<TD>2nd table, 2nd row, 2nd col</TD>


ordered list, resume count - let's say you want to resume the count at five

<ol style = "margin-left:.75in" start="5" type="1">
    <li> and then close the form.</li>


Picture, add to background – see background picture, add



left double quote - &ldquo; - “

right double quote - &rdquo; - ”

quotes, escape (perl) – CGI::escapeHTML()



    CONTENT="5; url=http://www.yournewdomain.com/">

The first part: HTTP-EQUIV="Refresh" tells the browser that the page should be refreshed. CONTENT="5; url=http://www.yournewdomain.com/"> gives two pieces of information: that the page should refresh after five seconds, and that the new URL should be http://www.yournewdomain.com/.

rotate text 90 degrees – as far as I know, only possible with IE - <div style="writing-mode:tb-rl" lang=en>text</div>

Button to do this dynamically

Static example and explanation



table border, show – in the <style type=text/css> section up top

table, th, td
  {border: 1px solid black;
  border-collapse: collapse;}

if you don't have the “border-collapse;”, you'll get double borders.

table, center – <table border="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;">

tables, nested – see nested tables






Bare Bones Guide to HTML

davesite Cluttered and disorganized, incomplete, slow due to excessive ads. BUT probably "best" of all here.

html goodies Content in sardine can, bad navigation and no good menu, outdated parts like the rest.



vertical arrangement of text, see rotate text 90 degrees


Word, MS Word-generated HTML, clean up

Bersoft Word HTML CleanUp 1.0 – didn’t seem to want to run when double-clicking in Vista.  Maybe this has to run from command line.  Haven’t investigated.

Office HTML Filter 2.0

R2Net – costs

Textism – available for limited use for free (short documents, under 20KB) and unlimited use for a subscription charge